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How to make full use of renewable resources?


I am entrusted by China Society for material recycling to give you a report on the situation of China's material recycling industry. The recycling of waste materials in China is our usual renewable resources, which has a history of more than 50 years. On April 28, 1954, with the approval of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, the Bureau of recycling of waste materials was established in the Central People's government, the Government Council and the finance and Economics Committee. From then on, the industry of waste materials in China was officially born. At present, there are about 80000 enterprises engaged in the recycling of renewable resources in China. There are more than 6000 factories for recycling and processing. There are about 200000 recycled outlets. The number of employees reached nearly ten million. The vast majority of them are engaged in individual and private recycling, accounting for 80% of the recycling volume of the whole renewable resources market. First of all, I will give a brief introduction to the whole industry.

During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the total amount of waste materials mainly recovered is 400 million tons. The average annual recovery is about 80 million tons. The annual growth rate is more than 12%. The total recycling value of major waste materials has exceeded 650 billion, with an average annual growth rate of over 20%. Among them, scrap iron scrap non-ferrous metals have a large amount of imports. The above main waste is about 130 million tons, with an average annual import volume of 24.5 million tons. The annual growth rate is more than 20%. Among them, 45.3 million tons of waste iron and steel were imported, with an average annual growth rate of over 5%, and over 15% in the last three years. The annual growth rate of non-ferrous metals is 18%, and that of waste plastics is over 20%. The growth rate is very fast, especially during the 11th Five Year Plan period. Especially from 2003 to 2005, especially after this year, the growth rate is very fast.

The second is the situation of domestic recycling and utilization. In terms of recycling, China's domestic recycling system is a vertical management of multiple departments. Before the mid-1980s, two major systems were mainly composed of the state-owned material system and the commercial collective ownership acquisition system. There are also some spontaneous industrial enterprises that have organized their own recycling auxiliary units. But it's not out of the mainstream. It can be said that the recycling network is all over the country At that time, the recycling industry was managed as a special industry. A license for a special industry and a certain qualification are required. In the late 1980s, due to the transformation of the functions of the superior departments, some recycling enterprises gradually formed. With the opening of the market, the influx of a large number of private enterprises, the operation cost is relatively rising, relatively low, and more efficient, these enterprises began to appear. Multi sector vertical management system is the product of planned economy. It has played a positive and promoting role in carrying out the recycling system of waste materials, saving resources, protecting the environment and preventing pollution. However, as a system and industry, the utilization of recycled materials is multi-disciplinary and independent, which can neither form the overall scale advantage, nor form the effective utilization and comprehensive protection of resources. This is one of the characteristics of the old system.

The second feature is the direct or indirect management of municipal, environmental protection, health, urban management and many other administrative units involved in the recycling work in urban areas, including the whole process of examination and approval, supervision, inspection and recycling or subsection management. Many administrative units have established centralized management companies, such as environmental sanitation units, municipal urban management units, which carry out recycling in their respective division of jurisdiction The recovery of materials and the management of recovered materials. The above-mentioned situation is not conducive to recycling and effective operation of saving and tapping potential because of the overlapping and wrangling of management functions.

Another mode is multi-level management of waste materials. The approved and scrapped machinery and equipment are basically treated in three ways. First, it is handled by the state and provinces and cities safely, and recycled by designated units. The second is recycling by its own independent outlets, and recycling between enterprises during the industry. The multi-level and multi-form market contracting forms, including the joint venture management mechanism of collective, individual and private enterprises, are facing many problems, such as disordered transaction management, low quality of personnel and serious pollution, due to the weak market of waste and used materials industry and the backward formulation of relevant laws and standards. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the state proposed to improve the utilization efficiency of resources, establish a conservation oriented society and a social friendly society, and all parts of the country took action to recycle resources and alleviate emerging industries. A number of demonstration parks for recycling renewable resources have been established to play a leading role. At present, the relevant ministries and commissions of the state have begun to establish a scientific recycling system. After the disadvantages of the original backward market, it will usher in the period of scientific utilization and recovery of resources.

China's recycling has also made significant progress in recent years. Due to its late start and low starting point, it has been basically at a low level in the past two decades. In addition, environmental pollution events have been repeatedly exposed by the media, which has a great negative impact on society. The bad business environment, many enterprises for further development, low enthusiasm for capital investment, but also inhibit the growth of enterprises. Because the recycling of renewable resources enjoys certain conditions, and the utilization conditions are not equal to the same environment, the industry image has not been effectively improved. This is reflected in the dynamic private sector. Due to the waste of the secondary recycling of resources, for example, the following situations exist in the recycling points established by individuals. Manual labor is mainly table workshop processing and open-air operation


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